Or better still, how did/ does Europe underdevelop Africa?
Before some of you start throwing stones, I have only reframed this question from quora
Why are some former British colonies like Canada and Australia well off while former colonies in Africa are poor?
Well, they are white and Africa is black/ brown. Look at India & North America. Same thing. They are brown.
Africa did not industrialize but remained a next importer of produced goods, whose prices fluctuate depending on the weather and this is bad in the long term.
Africa’s produce is exported as raw material and sold back at very high prices.
When many African countries got independence 50-60 years ago, thieves, idiots and collaborators took the reigns of power and then their sons. Where anti-imperialists took over, they were summarily killed with help from the West.
Did I already say trade agreements that are unfavourable to Africa. Now I have said it.
Then there is that World Bank program of the 1980s- Structural Adjustment Programs that did finally mess a struggling continent.
The education the first generation of African leaders received was as clerks or worse- i mean clergy, for example. No philosopher kings, no science degrees and this coupled with European admins who were misfits at home or had failed at anything they tried to do.
Well, there are many other reasons that have been put forth but these are the ones that come to me easily.